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ORTHOPEDIC REHABILITATION PROGRAM TREATMENT PLAN


Back Problems


Pain in the lower back may be linked to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, lower back muscles, abdomen and pelvic internal organs, and the skin around the lumbar area.


Common forms of physical therapy include:


  • Faradic stimulation

Used to improve power of weak muscles

  • TENS application

Used For pain relief by causing a mild electrical stimulation to the neural system that enhances production of beta endorphin and encephalin (pain killer).

  • Ultrasound

Used for pain relief by allowing a micro message effect and vasodilatation of the blood vessels

  • Laser therapy

Used for pain relief through acceleration of the inflammatory phase of the healing process, stimulating B endorphin secretion which is associated with inhibiting synthesis of prostaglandin, decreasing the conduction velocity  of the sensory nerve and stimulating the gate control to inhibit pain pathway.

  • Electromagnetic field

Used to decrease pain and inflammation

  • Hot / cold application for pain relief
  • Lumbar traction

Used for pain relief.

  • Myofascial release

Used to decrease muscle spasm and improve body fascia

  • Strengthening exercise

To weak muscles

  • Stretching exercise

Tor shorted muscles to improve flexibility of the muscles

  • Proprioceptive exercise

To regain joint receptor sensitivity.

  • Mobilization/ manipulation techniques
  • Kinesio Tapping

To improve circulation, decrease muscle spasm and support joints.

  • Osteopathy therapy

As a treatment, osteopathic manipulation attempts to improve joint range of motion and balance tissue and muscle mechanics in order to relieve pain.


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