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ORTHOPEDIC REHABILITATION PROGRAM TREATMENT PLAN


Sprain/strain (conservative or post-operative)


Sprains and strains are common injuries that share similar signs and symptoms, but involve different parts of your body.

A sprain is a stretching or tearing of ligaments — the tough bands of fibrous tissue that connect two bones together in your joints. The most common location for a sprain is in your ankle.

A strain is a stretching or tearing of muscle or tendon. A tendon is a fibrous cord of tissue that connects muscles to bones. Strains often occur in the lower back and in the hamstring muscle in the back of your thigh.


Program of treatment:


TENS application

For pain relief by causing a mild electrical stimulation to the neural system that enhances production of beta endorphin and encephalin (pain killer).

Ultrasound

For pain relief by increasing extensibility of tendon, allow micro message effect and vasodilatation of the blood vessels

Laser therapy

For pain relief through accelerating the inflammatory phase of the healing process, stimulating B endorphin secretion which is associated with inhibiting synthesis of  prostaglandin, decreased the conduction velocity  of the sensory nerve and stimulates the gate control to inhibit pain pathway

Electromagnetic field

To decrease pain and inflammation

Hot / cold application

to decrease pain

Infra-Red

To improve blood supply and decrease pain.

Myofascial Release

to decrease muscle spasm and improve body fascia

Strengthening Exercise

Strengthening Exercise is used to improve power of weak muscles

Stretching Exercise

To improve flexibility of shorter muscles

Proprioceptive Exercise

To regain joint receptor sensitivity.

Mobilization Techniques

To improve R.O.M of shoulder joint and decrease pain.

Kinesio Tapping

To improve circulation, decrease muscle spasm and support joints.


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